Any injury that happen while playing sports or while doing the physical exercises both indoor and door are sports injuries. Usually, these injuries are resulted mostly from the accidents, but also sometimes from inadequate stretching, improper training, inadequate warm-up or stretching or, before sporting activities. Still, these injuries also result from improper protective devices or non-usage of the protective devices.
Arthroscopy stands as a potential diagnosis for joints related problems in human body, such as torn cartilages or ligaments and the treatment of the same, adding additional dimensions to the X-rays, Computer Tomography scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. So Arthroscopy is quite common tool to diagnose and therapy to perform orthopaedic surgical procedure and treat various joint disorders including the traumatic injuries of the joints.
List of Sports Injuries Treated by Arthroscopy
Almost every sports injuries are treated through Arthroscopy. Specifically for these injuries, arthroscopic reconstructive surgeries are performed including the following specific sports injuries,
- Damaged or torn ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament of the knee is treated by reconstructing it through Arthroscopic Knee Surgery.
- Any injuries related to rotator cuff are treated by shoulder arthroscopy
- Other torn ligaments, excluding ACL, such as elbow ligament are treated through elbow ligament reconstructive surgery.
- Torn meniscus of the knee is treated by repairing or even removal of the same.
- Any of the loose bone cartilage or fragments in the joints are treated by removing them.
- Torn or damaged cartilages are repaired.
- Repetitive sports injuries of the joints are treated by repairing of the scars.
- Any of the inflamed synovial linings of ankle, knee, wrist, shoulder or elbow are treated by removing the same.
Diagnosis is taken place by taking a small cut or incision over the joint. Very thin surgical instruments are used to make very tiny incisions.
Arthroscopic surgery is purely minimally invasive surgery performed inside the joint. So, only small incision is made over the joint by using very tiny medical instruments to perform the surgery. Only local anaesthesia is sufficient to perform the procedure, thereby reducing complications and further risks. And recovery time is also very less, because of reduced trauma and no damage to the surrounding tissues, because of the smaller incisions. So, the individual can return home on the same day as the procedure is performed as outpatient basis.
Initially, the treatment is started after general or local anaesthesia is given. The surgery area is cleansed using a sterile solution after shaving the area if needed. Then the actual procedure is started by making a buttonhole incision over the skin to facilitate insertion of the arthroscope. The arthroscope is a special instrument with a small video camera, transmitting images inside the joints with higher quality to the TV screen. The surgeon performs the surgery by making other small incisions around the joint to insert the smaller instruments, designed especially for the joint cavity. Then surgeon performs the actual procedure needed, like repairs needed inside the joint or removal of cartilage or bone fragment, if needed. After completion of the surgery, the incision is closed and sterile dressing is applied to the incision area.
Risks and Complications
Most commonly arthroscopic surgery is quite safe and so the complications are rare almost. Rare risks can be allergic reactions, infections or bleeding from site of surgery. Any complications are technically possible, if the technical equipment do mal-function, like camera, etc. Stiffness of joints may be experienced post-surgery.
Arthroscopic surgery is minimally invasive procedure and so has many advantages, like,
- Shorter recovery time
- Pain after the surgery is much less or negligible
- Stay after surgery in hospital is much reduced
- Lesser complications and lesser risks
- Much faster recovery, which is quite useful for the sports persons
Recovery and Rehabilitation
Recovery is much faster and most commonly the individual may return home on the same day of the surgery, when the surgery is performed as an outpatient basis. For complex surgeries, it may take a day or two to recover. Rehabilitation and physical therapies are suggested by the doctor to regain the must strength and improve range of motion of the joint affected.