What is Knee Replacement Surgery?

The Knee Replacement Surgery is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon replaces the painful joint of the knee with a prosthetic implant. Technological advances along with the extensive use of computer and information science by medical professionals have brought in many new surgical procedures including the minimally invasive surgery. The significant characteristic of modern surgical methods is the use of specialised instruments and effective techniques to perform a major surgery with minimal cuts or incisions.

Who requires Knee Replacement Surgery?

The Knee Replacement Surgery is suggested by experience surgeons for patients who are suffering from unbearable knee joint pain. The patients also complain that the pain is accompanied by a lot of stiffness which hinders even natural and simple movements.  The pain is usually experience by people over the age of 50 due to osteoarthritis. Younger patients may also be suggested the knee replacement surgery based on the case requirements after thorough technological study.

What is the procedure used in the Knee Replacement Surgery?

The following sequence of steps are implemented during the knee replacement surgery –

  • The patient is given general anaesthesia i.e. he or she is put to sleep.
  • Alternatively, A spinal or epidural anaesthesia is given to make the patient numb under the waist.
  • The knee front is subjected to an incision of 8 to 12 inches.
  • The damaged portion of the joint is carefully removed from the bone surface by expert hands.
  • The surfaces of the bone are shaped to accommodate the metal prosthetic or artificial implant.
  • The artificial joint is attached to the thigh bone, shin, and knee cap using cement or other special adhesive material which is not harmful.
  • When properly fit, the artificial implant performs the function of a joint with the help of surrounding ligaments and muscles.

 

What are the technological advances in Knee Replacement Surgery ?

  • Minimally invasive surgery is performed with the help of trustworthy technology.
  • Technology includes computers, electronic devices and specialised instruments.
  • Smaller incisions are performed by the surgeon with accurate and sharp instruments to reduce tissue damage.
  • The patient does not experience a lot of pain during and after the surgery.
  • The recovery time is also fast and the patient has better movements due to less scarring of the tissue.

 

What happens to the patients after surgery?

Patients have to stay for at least three to five days in the hospital for post-operative care and observation. Dramatic and noticeable improvements are recorded in the case studies based on the patients’ testimony. Patients show notable improvement within a month or so after the surgery. The pain is also considerably reduced due to the resurfacing and reconstruction during the surgery.

 

What are the notable benefits of the surgery?

The following additional benefits are noticeable –

  • Patients are able to stand and move the joint the next day after surgery.
  • Patients are able to practise walking with the help of parallel bars during the initial stages.
  • Later the walking devices such as cane, walker, or crutches assist in walking better.
  • The knee is able to efficiently support the body weight in due course of time.
  • Comfortable walking with minimal assistance is possible just within six months of surgery.