Orthopaedic doctor |Joint Pain Specialist in Delhi -Dr Dhananjay Gupta

Hip Replacement Surgery

It is a procedure in which a doctor surgically removes painful hip joint with arthritis and replaces it with an artificial joint (plastic/metallic/alloy). It is usually done when non-surgical options are no longer viable. The procedure helps in relieving the painful hip joint allowing mobility with ease.

The patient has to undergo a lot of processes which is done by the surgeon. Modern techniques allow the use of minimally-invasive hip replacements as well. The surgery is a painless process and performed under muscle relaxant and general anaesthesia.

Recovery period of Hip Replacement Surgery:

  • Hospital stay after the replacement surgery is for four to six days depending on the improvements
  • Light cushioning support should be provided between the legs to keep the new hip joint in place
  • Assisted activity with the help of a walker, crutches, or a cane under the instruction of physiotherapist helps in better recovery

  • Precautions to be taken after the surgery:

  • Rigorous movements like climbing stairs should be avoided for a couple of weeks.
  • Sit in a firm, straight-back chair.
  • To help avoid falls, remove all throw rugs and keep floors and rooms clutter free.
  • Use an elevated toilet seat. This will keep you from bending too far at the hips.

  • Is hip replacement surgery safe ?

    These surgeries are relatively safe. Hip replacements surgeries are being done for years and surgical techniques are being improved all the time. The success rate of these surgeries is very high. Minor risks are associated if the surgery is not handled by an experienced surgeon, such as bleeding, infections and blood clots. Although, these risks can be easily avoidable by an expert surgeon.

    How long hip replacement surgery lasts?

    With all the precautionary measures and an active lifestyle about 85% of the hip joint implants can lasts for 20 years. The ongoing improvements in surgical technique and artificial joint materials may allow this surgery lasts even for a longer period of time.

    Pre and Post Surgical Precautions of Hip Replacement Therapy

    After a new hip replacement surgery, you need to take some precautions in order to avoid any post-surgical complications. You need to take care of how you move the hip after the surgery. Self-care is the most important thing one can do after hip replacement surgery to avoid post-operative damages.

    Things need to do before hip replacement surgery:

  • Things need to do before hip replacement surgery:
  • Discuss all the risks and benefits of the surgery so then you can decide whether you want to do the surgery or not.
  • Stop taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen, ibuprofen etc as they interfere with the clotting process. Excess blood loss should be there after surgery if you will not stop using these drugs.
  • A doctor will decide that how long before you have to stop the anticoagulants.
  • Prepare your home in a way that it will not help you to maintain the correct posture after surgery. Some examples are:
  • Add height to your toilet seat.
  • Keep a shower chair on your bathroom.
  • Your doctor will prescribe you the medication which you have to take just before the surgery.

  • Take all the safety measure after discussing with your surgeon or therapist. They will suggest you the correct way of following the safety measures in order to avoid any pre and post-surgical complications.

    Things need to take care after hip replacement surgery:

  • The use of a walker while walking can avoid falling of a person. If a person will fall down it will cause the damage and dislocation of the new hip.
  • Minimize the number of ups and downs from the stairs and in and out of the car in order to avoid accidental damage after a hip replacement surgery.
  • Carefully move your hips.
  • Do not bend your hip more than 90 degrees as it will cause damage to the hips. Do not lift your knee above the hip joint and do not perform squats.
  • Avoid crossing of the legs.
  • Your therapist will tell you that which posture you have to avoid after hip surgery.
  • Avoid running and excess exercise of the legs or take small steps while walking.
  • Avoid sitting in bean bags and other soft chairs. Use a wooden chair to sit which will correct your posture.

  • Do not resume your all daily activities without taking the permission of your surgeon’s permission. Surgery is the permanent treatment for hip and other joint pain but surgery cannot be successful without taking the pre-surgical and post-surgical safety measures.