It is a procedure in which a doctor surgically removes painful hip joint with arthritis and replaces it with an artificial joint (plastic/metallic/alloy). It is usually done when non-surgical options are no longer viable. The procedure helps in relieving the painful hip joint allowing mobility with ease.
The patient has to undergo a lot of processes which is done by the surgeon. Modern techniques allow the use of minimally-invasive hip replacements as well. The surgery is a painless process and performed under muscle relaxant and general anaesthesia.
These surgeries are relatively safe. Hip replacements surgeries are being done for years and surgical techniques are being improved all the time. The success rate of these surgeries is very high. Minor risks are associated if the surgery is not handled by an experienced surgeon, such as bleeding, infections and blood clots. Although, these risks can be easily avoidable by an expert surgeon.
With all the precautionary measures and an active lifestyle about 85% of the hip joint implants can lasts for 20 years. The ongoing improvements in surgical technique and artificial joint materials may allow this surgery lasts even for a longer period of time.